Term- lis alibi pendens Translation- Lawsuit elsewhere pending Definition- Refers to requesting a legal dispute be heard that is also being heard by another court. To avoid possibly contradictory judgements, this request will not be granted.
Term- Habeas Corpus Translation- May you have the body Definition- A writ used to challenge the legality of detention. Orders the detaining party to “have the (living) body” of the detained brought before the court where the detention will be investigated.
Term- mens rea Translation- Guilty mind Definition- One of the requirements for a crime to be committed, the other being actus reus, the guilt act. This essentially is the basis for the notion that those without sufficient mental capability cannot be judged guilty of a crime.