When it comes to the word Labour, construction workers, manual heavy labour comes to mind however in Indian law the term labour is not limited to it. It does not only mean the construction worker etc., labour includes a very vast variety of people working for any individual, company, firm or organisation.
Labour and employees have various rights which are protected under various labour laws. Industrial dispute, Gratuity law, Compensation act are some of the major legislation for the protection of the rights of the labour and employees.
The employer cannot hold the salary of the employee without any reason and he cannot illegally terminate the service of the employee. Employee and employer are bound by the process of termination mentioned in the offer letter/ joining letter and in case no offer letter/ joining letter was issued or given there is always a general rule applicable that if any either of party wish to terminate or resign he or she has to give prior notice.
The Gratuity Act is applicable on all firms and companies with more than 10 employees. An employee is eligible under gratuity act if he has worked for the same firm/company for 5 years and more without any break in the said company /firm.
All the disputes in regards to the labour or employee shall be heard by labour commissioner and in the event, the matter is not settled or resolved same shall be referred to Labour court and the claim of the labour/ employee shall be decided on merit.
Here are some frequently asked questions about labour and employment disputes in India:
- What are labour and employment disputes?
Labour and employment disputes are legal issues that arise between an employer and an employee. These disputes can involve a variety of issues, such as wage and hour violations, discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, and workplace safety.
- What is the legal framework for labour and employment disputes in India?
The legal framework for labour and employment disputes in India is governed by a variety of laws, including the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, the Factories Act, 1948, and the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, among others. The exact laws that apply to a particular dispute depend on the nature of the dispute and the industry in which it occurs.
- What are the common types of labour and employment disputes in India?
The common types of labour and employment disputes in India include:
- Wage and hour violations
- Discrimination and harassment
- Wrongful termination
- Workplace safety
- Contract disputes
- Industrial disputes
- What are the steps that an employee can take if they face a labour or employment dispute?
If an employee faces a labour or employment dispute, they can take the following steps:
- Try to resolve the dispute informally with their employer
- File a complaint with the relevant government authority, such as the labour department or the industrial tribunal
- File a civil suit in court
- File a criminal complaint, if applicable
- What are the steps that an employer can take if they face a labour or employment dispute?
If an employer faces a labour or employment dispute, they can take the following steps:
- Try to resolve the dispute informally with the employee
- Seek legal advice from a qualified labour and employment lawyer
- Participate in conciliation proceedings, if applicable
- Contest any legal action taken by the employee, if necessary
- What is the role of a labour and employment lawyer in resolving disputes?
A labour and employment lawyer can play a vital role in resolving disputes between employers and employees. They can help employers and employees understand their rights and obligations under the law, navigate the legal framework for resolving disputes, and represent their interests in court or other legal proceedings.
If you are facing a labour or employment dispute or have questions about your rights and obligations as an employer or employee, it is important to seek the advice of a qualified legal professional. An experienced lawyer can help you protect your rights and interests and resolve disputes in a timely and effective manner.
Our expert lawyers of Century Law Firm handle such cases and disputes.