Section 149 of CrPC, 1973 – Section of the Day

section 149 of crpc

Section 149 of CrPC, 1973

Police to prevent cognizable offences

Every police officer may interpose for the purpose of preventing, and shall, to the best of his ability, prevent, the commission of any cognizable offence.


The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973, is a comprehensive legislation that outlines the procedures and processes to be followed in the administration of criminal justice in India. Section 149 of the CrPC specifically deals with the powers and responsibilities of police officers in preventing cognizable offences.

The Core of Section 149

Section 149 of the CrPC emphasizes the proactive role of the police in crime prevention. It mandates that every police officer has the authority to intervene for the purpose of preventing cognizable offences. Cognizable offences are those for which a police officer can make an arrest without a warrant.

Duty of the Police Officer

Beyond just having the authority, the section also places a duty on the police officer. It requires the officer to do their utmost to prevent the commission of any cognizable offence. This underscores the importance of preventive action in law enforcement, ensuring that potential crimes are stopped before they occur.

Significance of Section 149 of CrPC in Crime Prevention

This section plays a pivotal role in the broader framework of the CrPC. By empowering and obligating police officers to prevent crimes, it ensures that law enforcement is not just reactive but also proactive. This proactive approach can deter potential offenders and ensure a safer environment for the public.


Section 149 of the CrPC, 1973, is a testament to the importance of preventive measures in the realm of criminal justice. By emphasizing the role of police officers in stopping crimes before they happen, it reinforces the idea that prevention is better than cure, especially in the context of law enforcement.

Century Law Firm